Wind and water damage can occur even after a hurricane has passed.
While hurricanes do bring record amounts of rain, this is not the main idea of the passage. Alvin, Texas is just mentioned in a supporting idea, as is Tropical Storm Claudette. The first sentence can often give you a clue about the main idea.
B Alvin, Texas, is not a safe place to live in a hurricane.
C Hurricanes bring record amounts of rain.
D Tropical Storm Claudette flooded Alvin, Texas.