The pancreas is an organ located in the abdomen that plays an important role in digestion and regulating blood sugar levels. One of the key functions of the pancreas is to produce insulin, a hormone that helps regulate the amount of sugar (glucose) in the blood. Insulin is produced by specialized cells in the pancreas called beta cells, which are located in the islets of Langerhans.
If the pancreas is unable to produce enough insulin, or if the body becomes resistant to insulin, it can lead to a condition called diabetes. Diabetes is a chronic disease characterized by high blood sugar levels, which can cause a range of health problems over time if left untreated.