Reading is one of the most fundamental skills in learning. One cannot achieve academic understanding without being able to know how to read. However, reading alone does not suffice the needs if it is only limited to sounding words or phrases. It should always be partnered with comprehension and a deep understanding of the text. Our ASVAB Paragraph Comprehension Study Guide will show you useful tips and tricks to get a good score in this section.
Enhancing reading comprehension will start with reading comprehension skills development. These skills would start from using the easiest, low order thinking skills up to the most complex, higher-order thinking skills such as the very simple note-taking, summarizing, sequencing, up to inferring, comparing and contrasting, distinguishing fact from opinion, finding the main idea, and drawing conclusions. Take our free ASVAB Paragraph Comprehension practice tests now to improve all these required skills.
Reading comprehension is also based on your purpose—whether you do intensive reading or extensive reading. Extensive reading is a pleasure reading and you read for the sake of relaxation. You can pick your own topic of interest and indulge yourself without having any accountability to what you read. Extensive reading usually occurs when you read magazines, comic books, picture books, novels, short stories, and the likes.
On the other hand, intensive reading is the total opposite of extensive reading. Intensive reading is deep and careful reading for information. This kind of reading is usually evident in academic reading where you read to collect knowledge through research papers, term papers, projects, and the likes.
When compared, readers usually have more concentration and focus when having extensive reading as they self-indulge in the material. Intensive reading puts the readers under the pressure of understanding the text at hand that is why several techniques could be used to better apply intensive reading that will be discussed in the latter portion of this article.
TYPES OF QUESTIONS
In testing reading comprehension, there are three types of questions that you have to be familiar with: literal, inferential, and evaluative types of questions. Other scholars would term these as factual, interpretive, and evaluative questions that differ in their level of difficulty.
LITERAL or FACTUAL QUESTIONS
Literal or factual questions usually appear on the first part of the questionnaire after the story. These questions use very basic thinking skills and would not require you to analyze as the answers are found on the text itself and could be proven by anyone. It will tell you what actually happened in the text or what the text is all about.
Although these types of questions are very basic, they are very important questions because they will provide you the foundation of more advanced comprehension. If you would not be able to attain this level of understanding, you will find it hard to proceed to the higher-level types of questions.
Literal questions usually include but not limited to these:
- What is the story all about?
- Where did the story happen?
- Who are the characters of the story?
- When did the story happen?
- How did the story end?
In terms of academic contexts, literal questions may be in the form of any factual knowledge asked such as the data, the stated information, the proponents, and such.
INFERENTIAL or INTERPRETIVE QUESTIONS
Inferential or interpretive questions test a higher level of comprehension. These questions would usually ask what the text means. Here, you go back to stating the basic information from the literal level and use the knowledge to interpret deeper understanding. These questions would solicit answers that are not stated in the text. Readers should make inferences from the given information and read between the lines.
Inferential questions could start with these phrases:
- Why do you think…
- What is the problem….
- Why did the character….
- What can you conclude about…
- What lesson….
Inferential questions may ask you to make generalizations, emphasize the cause and effect relationship, predict what will happen, and identify unstated ideas from the text.
Evaluative questions are the highest form of questions. These types of questions let you go beyond the text and consider what you think and believe based on the information and inferences you made from the text. At this level, you are asked to justify your opinion, argue for a certain stand, analyze the content critically, and determine the stand of the author. While inferential questions are reading between the lines, evaluative questions are reading beyond the text and looking for the big picture.
This type of question uses higher-order thinking skills and often requires the highest level of reading comprehension. You may be asked some questions in these forms:
- What is your opinion about….
- Do you think… is it a good or bad thing?
- How do you feel about…
- Do you agree with…
- What would you have done in…
- How did the text make you feel?
PARAGRAPH COMPREHENSION TIPS
In taking examinations that require reading comprehension, the time pressure could make you throw off your focus. That is why it is important to come up with a good strategy for intensive reading.
Some strategies in reading may use SKIMMING and SCANNING for a time-friendly information gathering. Skimming is a form of rapid reading that would focus on the titles, headings, topic sentences, tables, charts, symbols, and other visual organizers. This is a quick trip to pages to get an overall idea.
On the other hand, Scanning is going over through the text to look for specific information while not necessarily reading the ‘whole’ text. Usually, scanning is used to look for literal information such as the Wh-questions. These strategies could help you save up time especially in dealing with lengthy paragraphs in a short period of time.
Moreover, some examinees use the strategy of reading the questions first before going over the text. With this, you can immediately know what to look for in the text and not spend more time reading the entire paragraph.
Most importantly, read each option carefully. Always be cautious of the time but stay in focus while reading. Take one question at a time and look for keywords that may give you hints for the answer. Lastly, enhance your reading comprehension skills through reading more every day and practice answering comprehension skills questionnaires.
Our free ASVAB practice test 2021 for other areas is also available for you.